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工業智聯網引發工業生產新變革

發布日期: 2020-04-08 信息來源:欧宝体育

    3月4日召開(kai)的中共(gong)中央政治局常務委員會(hui)會(hui)議強(qiang)調,“加快5G網(wang)絡、數(shu)據中心等新(xin)型(xing)(xing)基礎設(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)進(jin)(jin)度”。工(gong)業(ye)互聯(lian)網(wang)作為新(xin)型(xing)(xing)基礎設(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)的重要(yao)內容,在全(quan)球新(xin)一輪科(ke)技革命(ming)和產業(ye)變革加速(su)推進(jin)(jin)的大背(bei)景(jing)下正不斷(duan)取得新(xin)突(tu)破,為經濟創新(xin)發展注入了新(xin)動(dong)能,也為全(quan)球產業(ye)融合(he)發展提供了新(xin)機遇。面向(xiang)未來,我國(guo)工(gong)業(ye)互聯(lian)網(wang)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)必(bi)將乘新(xin)型(xing)(xing)基礎設(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)的春風加速(su)推進(jin)(jin),進(jin)(jin)而(er)向(xiang)工(gong)業(ye)智聯(lian)網(wang)轉型(xing)(xing)升級。

  當前,制造(zao)(zao)業(ye)(ye)最(zui)顯(xian)著的(de)(de)發(fa)展(zhan)趨勢(shi)就是發(fa)展(zhan)工(gong)業(ye)(ye)互(hu)聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)。工(gong)業(ye)(ye)互(hu)聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)通(tong)過構建(jian)工(gong)業(ye)(ye)環境下人、機、物(wu)全(quan)面互(hu)聯(lian)(lian),實現設計、生(sheng)產(chan)(chan)、管理、服(fu)務等產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)全(quan)要素的(de)(de)全(quan)面連接,這是制造(zao)(zao)業(ye)(ye)網(wang)絡化(hua)、智能化(hua)發(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)核心支撐(cheng)。在行業(ye)(ye)內(nei),工(gong)業(ye)(ye)互(hu)聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)可以(yi)打通(tong)企業(ye)(ye)—供應鏈(lian)—行業(ye)(ye)數(shu)據(ju)(ju)鏈(lian),通(tong)過工(gong)業(ye)(ye)大數(shu)據(ju)(ju)分析(xi)不斷提(ti)高(gao)研發(fa)設計、生(sheng)產(chan)(chan)制造(zao)(zao)和(he)運營管理的(de)(de)資源配置效率,進而將工(gong)業(ye)(ye)技術、經驗(yan)和(he)知識等模型化(hua)、顯(xian)性(xing)化(hua),最(zui)終推動(dong)工(gong)業(ye)(ye)技術創新(xin)(xin)(xin)和(he)科學決策。在行業(ye)(ye)間,工(gong)業(ye)(ye)互(hu)聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)可實現跨企業(ye)(ye)、跨行業(ye)(ye)、跨領域的(de)(de)協(xie)同,促進新(xin)(xin)(xin)組(zu)織形式(shi)、新(xin)(xin)(xin)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)集群形成和(he)發(fa)展(zhan),從而推動(dong)形成數(shu)字驅動(dong)和(he)智能化(hua)發(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)興業(ye)(ye)態和(he)應用模式(shi),為制造(zao)(zao)業(ye)(ye)向智能制造(zao)(zao)轉型升級奠(dian)定基(ji)礎。正(zheng)因如此,工(gong)業(ye)(ye)互(hu)聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)的(de)(de)建(jian)設與(yu)發(fa)展(zhan)已成為我國推進智能制造(zao)(zao)、重(zhong)塑工(gong)業(ye)(ye)體系、搶(qiang)占全(quan)球產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)競爭新(xin)(xin)(xin)制高(gao)點的(de)(de)重(zhong)要抓手。

  現在(zai),工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)互聯網(wang)(wang)技術能夠(gou)在(zai)系(xi)統(tong)感知(zhi)與(yu)控制(zhi)層面解決復雜工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)系(xi)統(tong)的(de)管控問題,未來智(zhi)(zhi)能制(zhi)造還會在(zai)網(wang)(wang)絡層的(de)按需連(lian)接能力(li)、計算層的(de)知(zhi)識(shi)分析能力(li)、應用層的(de)個(ge)性化服務能力(li)等方(fang)面對工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)互聯網(wang)(wang)發(fa)展提出更高要求(qiu)。我們(men)亟須推動(dong)工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)互聯網(wang)(wang)與(yu)新一代人工(gong)智(zhi)(zhi)能技術深度(du)融合,從“智(zhi)(zhi)能+”向“智(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)+”拓展,建設(she)工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)聯網(wang)(wang),以(yi)實(shi)現工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)過程(cheng)的(de)知(zhi)識(shi)自(zi)動(dong)化和海量工(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)實(shi)體(ti)的(de)智(zhi)(zhi)能化自(zi)主協同(tong),推動(dong)智(zhi)(zhi)能制(zhi)造向智(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)制(zhi)造發(fa)展升級。

  工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)網是(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)互聯(lian)(lian)網的(de)升級,是(shi)(shi)新(xin)一(yi)代(dai)人(ren)(ren)工(gong)(gong)(gong)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)技(ji)術、知(zhi)識工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)技(ji)術與制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)(zao)業(ye)(ye)深度融合(he)的(de)產(chan)(chan)物,可以(yi)實現設(she)計、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)(chan)、管(guan)理(li)、服(fu)務等制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)(zao)活動各個環節之間(jian)的(de)泛在(zai)互聯(lian)(lian)、智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)協(xie)同與自(zi)治(zhi)自(zi)主,從而催(cui)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)出具有(you)自(zi)感(gan)知(zhi)、自(zi)學習(xi)、自(zi)決(jue)策、自(zi)執(zhi)行、自(zi)治(zhi)理(li)功能(neng)的(de)新(xin)型生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)(chan)服(fu)務方式(shi)(shi),這(zhe)是(shi)(shi)新(xin)一(yi)代(dai)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)(zao)的(de)重要基(ji)石,未來(lai)將催(cui)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)發(fa)展的(de)新(xin)業(ye)(ye)態(tai)、新(xin)模式(shi)(shi)、新(xin)應用。顯然(ran),工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)網將顛覆傳(chuan)統工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)(zao)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)(chan)要素配置方式(shi)(shi)、生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)(chan)運營模式(shi)(shi)、企業(ye)(ye)組織(zhi)形態(tai)和(he)制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)(zao)服(fu)務生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)態(tai),推動制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)(zao)走向個性(xing)(xing)化、柔性(xing)(xing)化和(he)云(yun)“智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)”造(zao)(zao)(zao)。以(yi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)網為基(ji)礎,可以(yi)打造(zao)(zao)(zao)需求(qiu)牽(qian)引、創新(xin)設(she)計、按需制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)(zao)、快速迭(die)代(dai)的(de)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)(zao)閉環,從而催(cui)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)出諸多(duo)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)(zao)新(xin)模式(shi)(shi),實現產(chan)(chan)品(pin)個性(xing)(xing)化定制(zhi)(zhi)的(de)全(quan)流程(cheng)監控、全(quan)鏈條組織(zhi)、全(quan)方位服(fu)務和(he)全(quan)周期管(guan)理(li),真正實現人(ren)(ren)在(zai)思(si)、云(yun)在(zai)算、端(duan)在(zai)造(zao)(zao)(zao)。

  適應(ying)新(xin)的(de)(de)發(fa)展態勢(shi),我們要切(qie)實加(jia)強(qiang)工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)關(guan)鍵共性技(ji)術(shu)(shu)的(de)(de)自主(zhu)(zhu)創新(xin),研(yan)發(fa)自主(zhu)(zhu)可(ke)控(kong)的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)裝備(bei)與系(xi)統(tong),加(jia)快(kuai)培(pei)(pei)育工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)新(xin)生態,為推動我國經(jing)濟高(gao)(gao)質量發(fa)展提(ti)供新(xin)動能,引領全(quan)球制(zhi)造業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)重大(da)變革。首(shou)先(xian)(xian),加(jia)強(qiang)頂層(ceng)設計(ji),優先(xian)(xian)布局若(ruo)干工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)關(guan)鍵核(he)心(xin)技(ji)術(shu)(shu)。進一步強(qiang)化工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)相關(guan)基礎研(yan)究(jiu)、應(ying)用(yong)(yong)(yong)基礎研(yan)究(jiu)和關(guan)鍵共性技(ji)術(shu)(shu)突破;研(yan)發(fa)自主(zhu)(zhu)可(ke)控(kong)的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)關(guan)鍵裝備(bei)、智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能軟硬(ying)件(jian)核(he)心(xin)系(xi)統(tong);制(zhi)定工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)標準體系(xi),搶占工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)發(fa)展的(de)(de)制(zhi)高(gao)(gao)點。其次,培(pei)(pei)育基于工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)的(de)(de)新(xin)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)態、新(xin)模式、新(xin)應(ying)用(yong)(yong)(yong),構建(jian)一批工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)重大(da)應(ying)用(yong)(yong)(yong)系(xi)統(tong)。努力打造全(quan)社會(hui)主(zhu)(zhu)動參(can)與、開(kai)放高(gao)(gao)效的(de)(de)“泛工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)”“大(da)工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)”智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)形態;選擇基礎較好的(de)(de)行業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和領域,推動工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)的(de)(de)應(ying)用(yong)(yong)(yong)示范。再次,建(jian)設工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)開(kai)源(yuan)開(kai)放平臺,培(pei)(pei)養一批高(gao)(gao)素質的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)創新(xin)型人才。加(jia)大(da)工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)開(kai)源(yuan)軟件(jian)和開(kai)源(yuan)硬(ying)件(jian)的(de)(de)技(ji)術(shu)(shu)創新(xin),構建(jian)工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)開(kai)源(yuan)開(kai)放平臺;大(da)力培(pei)(pei)養工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)方面(mian)的(de)(de)多學科交(jiao)叉創新(xin)型人才;著力打造研(yan)究(jiu)工(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)聯(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)網(wang)的(de)(de)高(gao)(gao)端智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)庫(ku)。

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