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去年規上工業實現利潤超六萬億

發布日期: 2020-02-05 信息來源:欧宝体育

    本(ben)報北京(jing)2月3日電 (記者陸婭楠)國家統計局3日公(gong)布,2019年全國規模以上工(gong)業(ye)企業(ye)實(shi)現利潤總額61995.5億元,比上年下降3.3%(按可(ke)比口徑計算)。

  國家統計(ji)局工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)司高級統計(ji)師(shi)朱虹分(fen)析,2019年(nian)(nian)(nian)規(gui)模以上(shang)(shang)工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)企(qi)(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)利(li)(li)潤受多重因素影(ying)(ying)響有所(suo)下(xia)降(jiang)。一是工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)產(chan)品銷(xiao)售增(zeng)速(su)(su)回落(luo)。2019年(nian)(nian)(nian),規(gui)模以上(shang)(shang)工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)企(qi)(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)營業(ye)(ye)(ye)收(shou)入(ru)增(zeng)長3.8%,增(zeng)速(su)(su)比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)回落(luo)4.8個(ge)百(bai)分(fen)點。二是成本(ben)上(shang)(shang)升擠(ji)壓利(li)(li)潤空(kong)間(jian)。2019年(nian)(nian)(nian),規(gui)模以上(shang)(shang)工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)企(qi)(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)每百(bai)元營業(ye)(ye)(ye)收(shou)入(ru)中的成本(ben)為(wei)84.08元,比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)增(zeng)加0.18元,主要(yao)是原材(cai)料、用工(gong)(gong)(gong)成本(ben)上(shang)(shang)升。三(san)是鋼鐵、石化、汽(qi)車等重點行(xing)業(ye)(ye)(ye)利(li)(li)潤下(xia)降(jiang)拉動作用明顯。2019年(nian)(nian)(nian),鋼鐵、化工(gong)(gong)(gong)、汽(qi)車、石油(you)加工(gong)(gong)(gong)行(xing)業(ye)(ye)(ye)利(li)(li)潤比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)分(fen)別(bie)下(xia)降(jiang)37.6%、25.6%、15.9%和42.5%,合計(ji)影(ying)(ying)響規(gui)模以上(shang)(shang)工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)企(qi)(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)利(li)(li)潤增(zeng)速(su)(su)比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)7.4個(ge)百(bai)分(fen)點。四是個(ge)別(bie)行(xing)業(ye)(ye)(ye)及(ji)企(qi)(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)大幅(fu)計(ji)提(ti)資產(chan)減值(zhi)損失(shi)。經(jing)測算(suan),個(ge)別(bie)行(xing)業(ye)(ye)(ye)及(ji)企(qi)(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)2019年(nian)(nian)(nian)大幅(fu)計(ji)提(ti)資產(chan)減值(zhi)損失(shi),影(ying)(ying)響規(gui)模以上(shang)(shang)工(gong)(gong)(gong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)企(qi)(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)利(li)(li)潤增(zeng)速(su)(su)比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)下(xia)降(jiang)1.2個(ge)百(bai)分(fen)點。

  盡管2019年工業(ye)企(qi)業(ye)利(li)潤有(you)所下降,但效益狀況呈現結構(gou)性改善。

  一是高(gao)技術制(zhi)造業(ye)(ye)和戰(zhan)(zhan)略性新(xin)興產業(ye)(ye)利(li)潤(run)保持增長。2019年(nian),高(gao)技術制(zhi)造業(ye)(ye)和戰(zhan)(zhan)略性新(xin)興產業(ye)(ye)利(li)潤(run)比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)分別(bie)增長4.8%和3.0%,明顯好(hao)于規模以上(shang)(shang)工(gong)業(ye)(ye)平均(jun)水平;高(gao)技術制(zhi)造業(ye)(ye)和戰(zhan)(zhan)略性新(xin)興產業(ye)(ye)利(li)潤(run)占全部規模以上(shang)(shang)工(gong)業(ye)(ye)利(li)潤(run)比(bi)重比(bi)上(shang)(shang)年(nian)分別(bie)提高(gao)1.2和1.6個百(bai)分點。

  二(er)是(shi)私營(ying)(ying)(ying)企(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和小型(xing)企(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)利潤保持(chi)增(zeng)長(chang)(chang)。近年來,國家出臺了(le)減稅(shui)降(jiang)費、簡(jian)政放權、創(chuang)新支持(chi)、金融扶持(chi)等一系列促進民(min)營(ying)(ying)(ying)企(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)小微企(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)發(fa)展的政策措施,為(wei)民(min)營(ying)(ying)(ying)小微企(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)發(fa)展創(chuang)造了(le)良好(hao)環(huan)境。2019年,私營(ying)(ying)(ying)企(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和小型(xing)企(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)利潤比上年分別增(zeng)長(chang)(chang)2.2%和5.0%,呈現穩定(ding)增(zeng)長(chang)(chang)態勢。

  三是利(li)(li)潤(run)(run)保持增(zeng)長的行業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)較(jiao)多。2019年(nian)(nian),在(zai)41個(ge)工業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)大類行業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)中(zhong)(zhong),28個(ge)行業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)利(li)(li)潤(run)(run)比(bi)上年(nian)(nian)增(zeng)加(jia),占比(bi)超過(guo)六成(cheng)。其中(zhong)(zhong)9個(ge)行業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)利(li)(li)潤(run)(run)增(zeng)速超過(guo)兩位數(shu),電力(li)(li)熱力(li)(li)生產和(he)供應業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、電氣(qi)機械和(he)器材制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、專用設(she)備(bei)制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、酒飲料和(he)精制(zhi)(zhi)茶制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)利(li)(li)潤(run)(run)比(bi)上年(nian)(nian)分別增(zeng)長19.0%、10.8%、12.9%和(he)10.2%。這(zhe)四個(ge)行業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)合計拉動規模以上工業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)企業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)利(li)(li)潤(run)(run)比(bi)上年(nian)(nian)增(zeng)長2.3個(ge)百分點。此(ci)外,建材、醫藥制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)、食品制(zhi)(zhi)造(zao)(zao)等行業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)利(li)(li)潤(run)(run)增(zeng)速也在(zai)5%—10%之間。

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