欧宝体育

業務資訊
欧宝体育  > 新聞中心 > 業務(wu)資訊(xun)

展望2018何為中國智慧城市能力體系

發布日期: 2018-01-02 信息來源:欧宝体育

回顧2017,中(zhong)國(guo)智慧城市(shi)在網絡強國(guo)、數字中(zhong)國(guo)及大(da)數據等發(fa)展戰略實施過程中(zhong)穩步前行(xing)。展望2018,靜心思考,希望為我(wo)國(guo)智慧城市(shi)能力(li)體系(xi)建設貢(gong)獻力(li)量。

當前,隨著實施(shi)國(guo)家(jia)大數(shu)據戰略(lve)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設數(shu)字中國(guo)步伐的(de)(de)加快,以(yi)及(ji)"互(hu)聯網+"行(xing)(xing)動的(de)(de)深度(du)推進(jin),社會對智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)的(de)(de)關注度(du)相(xiang)對減弱不少,但(dan)這并(bing)不代表(biao)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)不需(xu)要(yao)繼(ji)續建(jian)(jian)(jian)設,也不意(yi)味智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)已經建(jian)(jian)(jian)設完(wan)成。事實上,智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)、大數(shu)據、"互(hu)聯網+"作(zuo)為目(mu)前我(wo)(wo)國(guo)推進(jin)信息(xi)化建(jian)(jian)(jian)設的(de)(de)"三駕馬車",智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)不僅是大數(shu)據、"互(hu)聯網+"創新應用的(de)(de)重要(yao)載體,更是全面(mian)(mian)推動我(wo)(wo)國(guo)新型(xing)城(cheng)(cheng)鎮(zhen)化建(jian)(jian)(jian)設以(yi)及(ji)推進(jin)國(guo)家(jia)治(zhi)理現代化的(de)(de)重要(yao)支撐(cheng)。為了加快落(luo)實國(guo)家(jia)大數(shu)據戰略(lve),充分發(fa)揮智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)抓(zhua)手作(zuo)用,在(zai)以(yi)大數(shu)據創新應用為核心的(de)(de)信息(xi)化3.0階段,亟需(xu)總結我(wo)(wo)國(guo)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)發(fa)展現狀及(ji)存在(zai)問(wen)題,全面(mian)(mian)加強智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)能力體系建(jian)(jian)(jian)設,使我(wo)(wo)國(guo)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)發(fa)展之路走(zou)得通、行(xing)(xing)得遠。

根據我國(guo)智慧城市建設發展(zhan)現狀,總結出我國(guo)智慧城市主要存在(zai)三方面問題:

第(di)一,基(ji)(ji)礎(chu)支撐能(neng)力(li)不足,包(bao)括基(ji)(ji)礎(chu)設(she)施感知(zhi)能(neng)力(li)、數據采集應(ying)用(yong)能(neng)力(li)、資源整(zheng)合共(gong)享(xiang)能(neng)力(li)、公眾(zhong)數字化應(ying)用(yong)能(neng)力(li)等,致使智慧城市(shi)建設(she)浮在(zai)空(kong)中,在(zai)短時期內(nei)無法形成規模化效應(ying)。

第二,運營服務(wu)(wu)力量不夠,智慧城市建設(she)的(de)核心是(shi)(shi)運營服務(wu)(wu),但目(mu)前智慧城市仍(reng)是(shi)(shi)工程(cheng)項(xiang)目(mu)建設(she)的(de)思路,并且也缺乏真正具(ju)有(you)運營服務(wu)(wu)理念與實力的(de)企業,導(dao)致智慧城市建設(she)存(cun)在(zai)創新(xin)不夠、效果不佳(jia)等(deng)問(wen)題。

第三(san),缺乏針對新問題的(de)預判與解決機(ji)(ji)制(zhi),由于存在(zai)一定的(de)智慧城(cheng)市政績(ji)觀,在(zai)大量企業與相(xiang)關機(ji)(ji)構的(de)推動(dong)下,對于智慧城(cheng)市PPP建設運營模式、智慧小鎮開發建設等可能帶(dai)來的(de)新問題,并沒有(you)(you)建立有(you)(you)效(xiao)的(de)防范機(ji)(ji)制(zhi)。

為(wei)(wei)了高效(xiao)推(tui)進(jin)(jin)(jin)我(wo)國智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)建設發展,亟需(xu)構(gou)建完善智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)能(neng)(neng)力(li)體(ti)系,夯實智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)根(gen)基(ji),我(wo)們(men)也從(cong)這方面(mian)展開思考與討論。智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)是工業城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)進(jin)(jin)(jin)入到信息社(she)會的(de)(de)新型城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)形態(tai),猶如(ru)農民進(jin)(jin)(jin)入到城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)成為(wei)(wei)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)民一樣(yang),亟需(xu)培育、構(gou)建新型能(neng)(neng)力(li)體(ti)系。我(wo)們(men)知道農民進(jin)(jin)(jin)城(cheng)(cheng)要想真正成為(wei)(wei)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)民,不僅需(xu)要有穩定的(de)(de)收入和住所(suo),更(geng)需(xu)要學習(xi)適應(ying)城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)的(de)(de)文明,提升自(zi)身(shen)工作技能(neng)(neng)與學習(xi)能(neng)(neng)力(li)、懂法守法能(neng)(neng)力(li)、城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)規則適應(ying)能(neng)(neng)力(li)等(deng)。同(tong)樣(yang)地,工業城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)進(jin)(jin)(jin)入信息社(she)會要想成長為(wei)(wei)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),需(xu)要快速(su)提升智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)的(de)(de)感知、分析、重構(gou)、創新能(neng)(neng)力(li),構(gou)建以城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)數據資源開發利(li)用(yong)能(neng)(neng)力(li)為(wei)(wei)核心,涵蓋智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)基(ji)礎設施支撐能(neng)(neng)力(li)、城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)治理能(neng)(neng)力(li)、運營服(fu)務能(neng)(neng)力(li)、自(zi)我(wo)優化能(neng)(neng)力(li)、創新發展能(neng)(neng)力(li)的(de)(de)新型能(neng)(neng)力(li)體(ti)系,并以此真正體(ti)現"智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)"的(de)(de)本質內涵。

城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)源(yuan)開發利用(yong)能(neng)力(li)(li)是智慧城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)能(neng)力(li)(li)體系(xi)的(de)(de)核心(xin)。大(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)時代(dai),只有(you)具備了城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)源(yuan)開發利用(yong)能(neng)力(li)(li),其(qi)他各項能(neng)力(li)(li)才能(neng)真正發揮(hui)作用(yong)。首先(xian),需(xu)要(yao)加快(kuai)完(wan)善(shan)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)管(guan)理(li)(li)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)體制機(ji)制,成(cheng)立獨立的(de)(de)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)管(guan)理(li)(li)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)部(bu)門,打造一批既懂技術、又(you)懂業務(wu)(wu),既懂數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)管(guan)理(li)(li)、又(you)懂服(fu)務(wu)(wu)運營(ying)的(de)(de)人才隊伍,同時加強城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)"管(guan)運分離",提升城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)管(guan)理(li)(li)運營(ying)的(de)(de)專業化(hua)水平;其(qi)次,以城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)治(zhi)理(li)(li)與(yu)民(min)生(sheng)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)為導向(xiang),加快(kuai)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)規范化(hua)與(yu)標準(zhun)化(hua)建(jian)(jian)設(she),完(wan)善(shan)相關(guan)管(guan)理(li)(li)制度(du),加強數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)采集渠(qu)道建(jian)(jian)設(she)及城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)的(de)(de)快(kuai)速聚合,尤(you)其(qi)要(yao)加強政(zheng)府數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)與(yu)社會(hui)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)的(de)(de)融合,逐步建(jian)(jian)立起(qi)完(wan)善(shan)的(de)(de)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)源(yuan)池,推動橫縱互(hu)聯(lian)(lian)互(hu)通(tong)(tong)與(yu)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)共享開放(fang);還有(you),圍繞"互(hu)聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)+政(zheng)務(wu)(wu)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)"、精準(zhun)扶(fu)貧、醫療衛生(sheng)、環境保(bao)護、交通(tong)(tong)物流、文化(hua)旅游等領域,加強需(xu)求分析與(yu)大(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)模(mo)型設(she)計,以點帶面,促進(jin)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)大(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)的(de)(de)開發利用(yong),提升公共管(guan)理(li)(li)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)與(yu)決策能(neng)力(li)(li)。

智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)基(ji)礎(chu)設施(shi)支撐(cheng)能(neng)力(li)(li)是智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)城(cheng)市(shi)建(jian)設運營(ying)的(de)基(ji)礎(chu)能(neng)力(li)(li)。通(tong)過(guo)近幾年(nian)寬帶(dai)中(zhong)國工程項目的(de)建(jian)設,我(wo)國寬帶(dai)網絡支撐(cheng)能(neng)力(li)(li)顯著(zhu)(zhu)增(zeng)強(qiang),但隨(sui)著(zhu)(zhu)網絡強(qiang)國與"互聯網+政(zheng)務服務"戰略(lve)行(xing)動的(de)快速推進(jin)(jin),需(xu)要(yao)繼續(xu)加強(qiang)對寬帶(dai)網絡的(de)投資建(jian)設,積極縮(suo)小城(cheng)鄉數字鴻溝,進(jin)(jin)一(yi)步提升(sheng)服務質(zhi)量。同(tong)時(shi),加強(qiang)交(jiao)通(tong)、物流、市(shi)政(zheng)、管網、安全(quan)等(deng)領域傳統基(ji)礎(chu)設施(shi)的(de)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)化(hua)改造,建(jian)設智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)能(neng)源(yuan)體系(xi)、智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)交(jiao)通(tong)體系(xi)、智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)管網體系(xi)、智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)環保設施(shi)、智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)(hui)停(ting)車系(xi)統等(deng),大力(li)(li)提升(sheng)城(cheng)市(shi)立(li)體感知與運營(ying)能(neng)力(li)(li)。另外,要(yao)加強(qiang)網絡安全(quan)基(ji)礎(chu)設施(shi)建(jian)設,強(qiang)化(hua)重(zhong)要(yao)信(xin)息(xi)系(xi)統、云平臺、基(ji)礎(chu)信(xin)息(xi)網絡和個(ge)人(ren)隱(yin)私安全(quan)保護(hu),加強(qiang)重(zhong)點行(xing)業網絡安全(quan)管理,開(kai)展安全(quan)評估與等(deng)級(ji)保護(hu)測評,建(jian)立(li)完善的(de)信(xin)息(xi)安全(quan)管理制(zhi)度與應急保障機(ji)制(zhi),增(zeng)強(qiang)信(xin)息(xi)安全(quan)防(fang)御能(neng)力(li)(li),確保為政(zheng)府、企業、公眾(zhong)提供一(yi)個(ge)安全(quan)的(de)網絡環境。

城(cheng)市(shi)治理(li)(li)能(neng)力(li)(li)與(yu)運(yun)(yun)營服務(wu)(wu)能(neng)力(li)(li)是智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧城(cheng)市(shi)能(neng)力(li)(li)體(ti)系(xi)的(de)(de)主(zhu)體(ti)。它直(zhi)接體(ti)現一(yi)(yi)個(ge)城(cheng)市(shi)的(de)(de)管(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)服務(wu)(wu)水平,決定一(yi)(yi)個(ge)城(cheng)市(shi)的(de)(de)軟實力(li)(li)與(yu)影響力(li)(li)。目前,城(cheng)市(shi)治理(li)(li)已(yi)由(you)政(zheng)府主(zhu)導管(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)階(jie)段、政(zheng)企共同參(can)與(yu)管(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)階(jie)段向多(duo)元(yuan)主(zhu)體(ti)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧協同管(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)階(jie)段轉變,亟需通過感知化、網(wang)(wang)(wang)絡化、數據化、智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)化等(deng)手(shou)段,整合不同城(cheng)市(shi)管(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)部門的(de)(de)數據資源,推(tui)動(dong)公(gong)共權力(li)(li)邊界(jie)調整與(yu)"互聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)(wang)(wang)+管(guan)(guan)理(li)(li)服務(wu)(wu)"方(fang)式(shi)(shi)創(chuang)新,打造一(yi)(yi)種多(duo)元(yuan)主(zhu)體(ti)共同參(can)與(yu)的(de)(de)智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧化治理(li)(li)模(mo)式(shi)(shi),促(cu)進城(cheng)市(shi)社會治理(li)(li)體(ti)系(xi)的(de)(de)共建(jian)、共治與(yu)共享。事實上,智(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)慧城(cheng)市(shi)作為一(yi)(yi)項巨大的(de)(de)系(xi)統工程,不僅建(jian)設周期長,而且其重點在于(yu)長期的(de)(de)運(yun)(yun)營服務(wu)(wu),要進一(yi)(yi)步(bu)發揮(hui)數據的(de)(de)作用(yong),盤活城(cheng)市(shi)服務(wu)(wu)資源,創(chuang)新服務(wu)(wu)生產(chan)與(yu)主(zhu)動(dong)服務(wu)(wu)模(mo)式(shi)(shi),推(tui)動(dong)公(gong)共服務(wu)(wu)的(de)(de)互聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)(wang)(wang)化,促(cu)進互聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)(wang)(wang)+醫療、互聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)(wang)(wang)+教育、互聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)(wang)(wang)+養老(lao)、互聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)(wang)(wang)+社會救助、互聯(lian)(lian)網(wang)(wang)(wang)+社區等(deng)快速發展(zhan),全(quan)面提(ti)升城(cheng)市(shi)公(gong)共服務(wu)(wu)水平與(yu)城(cheng)市(shi)競爭力(li)(li)。

自我優化(hua)(hua)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)與創新(xin)發展(zhan)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)是智慧(hui)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)建設發展(zhan)到(dao)高級階段應(ying)該具備的(de)(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li),這也是充(chong)分(fen)展(zhan)現城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)智慧(hui)的(de)(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)。其中自我優化(hua)(hua)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)即(ji)智慧(hui)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)自我優化(hua)(hua)升(sheng)(sheng)級的(de)(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li),主要包括城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)組織自優化(hua)(hua)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)、內(nei)外部資(zi)源循環(huan)利用(yong)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)及(ji)智能(neng)(neng)學(xue)習決策(ce)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)等,在信(xin)息(xi)流的(de)(de)(de)(de)驅動下,促(cu)進城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)各個(ge)子(zi)系(xi)統的(de)(de)(de)(de)互聯互通,同時通過充(chong)分(fen)的(de)(de)(de)(de)數(shu)字化(hua)(hua)改(gai)造,城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)虛擬世(shi)界(jie)(jie)將不斷推(tui)動物理(li)世(shi)界(jie)(jie)的(de)(de)(de)(de)轉型升(sheng)(sheng)級,具備一定的(de)(de)(de)(de)自適應(ying)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)。創新(xin)發展(zhan)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)即(ji)體現一個(ge)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)發展(zhan)活力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li),主要包括信(xin)息(xi)技(ji)術(shu)應(ying)用(yong)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)、新(xin)興產(chan)業(ye)培育能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)、創新(xin)環(huan)境構(gou)建能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)等,在整個(ge)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)信(xin)息(xi)化(hua)(hua)素養(yang)得到(dao)大(da)幅提升(sheng)(sheng)之后,進一步(bu)促(cu)進信(xin)息(xi)技(ji)術(shu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)廣泛應(ying)用(yong),數(shu)字經濟新(xin)業(ye)態新(xin)模式蓬(peng)勃發展(zhan),共(gong)享經濟成(cheng)為新(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)經濟增長點(dian),城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)吸引力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)持續增強(qiang),擁有良好的(de)(de)(de)(de)創新(xin)文(wen)化(hua)(hua)與創新(xin)環(huan)境,不斷提升(sheng)(sheng)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)(shi)(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)持續競爭力(li)(li)(li)(li)(li)。

媒體垂詢

E-mail:ZNJ@mucagel.com

欧宝体育